The header on this site quotes Revelation 12:9, which says, “And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.”
The following paper identifies this collective entity. It was originally called “The Devil and Satan” and appears as an appendix to the Christogenea New Testament, by William Finck. This short paper will help one understand this subject better.
Here it is:
There are in the Bible, and it is evident throughout history, two races in opposition to each other from the beginning. These are the race of the Woman and the race of the Serpent as foretold at Gen. 3:15. The race of the Woman is represented in New Testament times by the descendants of Jacob-Israel. It was this branch of the much larger Adamic (Caucasian or White) race which was chosen by Yahweh for preservation (“salvation”) to continue His work upon the Earth. At the time of Christ there did remain yet other branches of the Adamic race: Ionian Greeks (as distinguished from Danaan and Dorian Greeks) and the Elamite Persians, for example, but since then all of these have faded into oblivion, or have at least lost their original tribal identities. The people of most of those lands are today not true Adamites. The people of northern Europe are descended from the so-called “lost” tribes of Israel, from which came the Germans and Kelts and Scandinavians, etc., along with the earlier immigrants to these coasts, coming mostly by sea as Israelite “Phoenicians”, the Danaan and Dorian Greeks, the Dardanians (Trojans) later known as Romans and Illyrians, and other smaller divisions. Yet it is scripturally and historically evident that a remnant of the other Adamic nations dwells among them. The northern European nations, along with some of the nations of southern Europe and Asia as they once were – before they were invaded by Arabs and Turks and Mongols – are the remaining “seed of the Woman”. These are the Nations and their kings promised to the Patriarchs (i.e. Gen. 35:11; Luke 1:77 and 2:32 et al.), and the remnant of these peoples are “the Anointed” collectively, as discussed here in Appendix A.
The “seed of the Serpent” have primarily descended unto this day from Cain through Canaan (Gen. 15:19-21), Esau (Genesis chapter 36), and the Shelahites of Judah’s Canaanite son Shelah (Genesis chapter 38), which is evident from John 8:30-47, Matt. 13:24-30 and 13:36-43, Luke 10:18-20, 11:47-51, Rom. 9:1-13, and many other places in Scripture. The evidence for this shall be considered at length below. The Edomites, who had long moved into the post-deportation lands of Israel and Judah (i.e. Ezekiel 35:10), were joined to the Judaean kingdom of the Maccabees circa 130 B.C., for which see Josephus’ Antiquities 13.9.1 (13:254-258) et al., and Strabo’s Geography 16.2.34. Thereafter the Edomites, Shelahite-Judahites and other Canaanites had infiltrated and then usurped the institutions of the Kingdom of Judaea by the time of Christ, and this situation was the reason for the constant “division among the Judaeans” noted at John 7:43, 9:16, and 10:19 (see 10:26), and experienced by Paul not only in Jerusalem, but in his travels also, seen at Acts 13:45-51; 14:2-5 and 19; and 17:5-9 et al. Note that Luke said that the Judaeans of Beroia were “of more noble a race” than those of contention who were in Thessalonika (Acts 17:11). These contentious people were the jews from whom today’s jews are in large part descended, and so today’s jews are primarily the children of Canaan, and of Esau, and are the enemies of Yahweh, Yahshua Christ, and true Israel. There were also in New Testament times, and even long before and after that, as there are even today, descendants of the Serpent in many places other than Palestine and who do not identify themselves as jews, having no relation to the place. Among these are the Arabs, who have long ago spread themselves into Asia, Africa, southern Europe, and the former Soviet states.
As it has been shown that ὁ χριστός, “the Anointed”, is an appellation which is applicable to both Yahshua Christ Himself and to the children of Israel collectively, it is just as evident that the Substantives (a Substantive is an adjectival or verbal form of a word, usually accompanied with an Article, which is used as a noun) ὁ σατανᾶς, ὁ διάβολος, ὁ ἀντικείμενος, and ὁ ἀντίχριστος, among others, are appellations applied to the descendants of the Serpent (i.e. Matt. 3:7; 12:34; and 23:33; Luke 3:7 and 11:47-51; Acts 13:4-12; Jude 6-13; Rev. 2:9; 3:9; 12:1-9; and 20:2 and 10). These as they appear in New Testament writings shall be discussed presently.
ὁ σατανᾶς (4566, 4567), is “the Adversary”, with the Article. The word is Hebrew, for which see Strong’s Hebrew lexicon #7854. It appears in the New Testament on approximately 34 occasions.. At times the word’s usage is of a spiritual, or supernatural, being, but at times it is used of people here in the physical world. Synonyms for the word, which are Greek words, are ὁ ἀντικείμενος (480), “the opposition” or in the plural “those opposing”, found at Luke (13:17 and 21:15) and in Paul (Phil. 1:28, II Thess. 2:4; and I Tim. 5:14), and ὁ ὑπεναντίος (5227), found at Heb. 10:27.
At Rev. 12:3-9 we find that the “great red dragon”, the “old serpent”, the “Devil” (ὁ διάβολος) and “Satan” ὁ Σατανᾶς) are all the same entity: that collection of “angels” which rebelled against Yahweh, and being cast out here on the Earth, are certainly found here from the earliest times. And so we have that “old Serpent” found here already at the creation of Adam, who seduced Eve and fathered Cain. Many may protest that Adam fathered Cain, yet such is only found at Gen. 4:1 (and not at 4:16 nor 5:1 ff.), which is a demonstrably corrupt verse as is attested to in sources such as The Interpreter’s Bible, vol. 1, p. 517, which says of part of Gen. 4:1: “I have gotten a man from the Lord”, that the actual Hebrew is rather unintelligible, and “the words are a gloss”. Before the Christian era, the Israelites of Judaea either knew that Gen. 4:1 was corrupt and attempted to repair it, or were actually in possession of a version of Gen. 4:1 which was lost before either the LXX or the MT came along. For in the earliest translations of Gen. 4:1 from the Hebrew, which are the Aramaic Targums, we find translations or interpretations of the verse as follows: “And Adam knew his wife Eve, who was pregnant by the Angel Sammael, and she conceived and bare Cain; and he was like the heavenly beings, and not like earthly beings, and she said, I have acquired a man, the Angel of the Lord” (Targum of Jonathan), or: “And Adam knew his wife Eve, who had desired the Angel, and she conceived, and bare Cain; and she said, I have acquired a man, the angel of the Lord…”. The idea that Cain was fathered by the serpent of Genesis chapter 3 is supported not only by the New Testament (i.e. Matt. 13:37-42 and John 8:41-44), but also by much of the Apocryphal literature, such as IV Macc. 18:7-8 (in the LXX), Wisdom of Salomon 2:24 (LXX), The Book of Enoch 68:7 (Lawrence’s verse division), The Protevangelion 10:1-6 (found in The Lost Books of the Bible and The Forgotten Books of Eden) and the book The Secrets of Enoch (ibid.), at 31:5 which says of Satan: “…therefore he conceived thought against Adam, in such form he entered and seduced Eva, but did not touch Adam”.
The descendants of Cain, the Kenites (Gen. 4:16-24, 15:19 et al., as both Strong in his concordance and again The Interpreter’s Bible, vol. 1, p. 517 attest), can be traced through the Old Testament unto the jews of today, in part, as explained at the beginning of this appendix. We also see in Revelation chapter 12, that it is this Satan entity who seeks to destroy the child (Yahshua Christ) of the Woman (Israel), even as soon as it was born. Only Herod, the Edomite king of Judaea (for which see Josephus’ Antiquities 14.1.3 and 14.7.3, where it is seen that the Antipater of some of these passages was the father of Herod; 14.15.2; and Wars 1.6.2), attempted to slay Christ when He was born (Matt. 2:16-20), and so many of the conclusions reached here concerning the Edomite-Canaanite jews are greatly substantiated by this alone, although they can also be elsewhere. This conspiracy by Satan (the jews in this context) continued throughout the time of Christ’s ministry (i.e. Matt. 2:3, 12:4, 22:15, Mark 12:13 and 14:1, Luke 13:31, 19:47, 20:14-26 and 22:2) until it was accomplished at the Crucifixion, and further continued against the disciples of Christ, for which see Acts 4:5-22; 5:17-42; 6:8-13; 7:1 and 52 ff.; 12:1-23 et al. Compare the terms “race of the high priest” and “their own countrymen” at Acts 4:6 and 23 as they are translated here in their contexts.
After the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. and the eventual acceptance of Christianity by the nations of Europe – the true dispersed of Israel – “Satan” was locked away in the pit for 1,000 years, or rather the jews were eventually separated from the civic life of Europe and banished to the ghettoes or to regions outside, such as Khazaria – later to be released and to deceive the Nations. This is the period which we have been experiencing in recent times, perhaps with the dawn of the so-called “Enlightenment” where world jewry gained considerable influence over the economic and intellectual lives of the seed of the woman, and especially through the so-called central banking system (cf. Rev. 20:1-8.) Further discussion of this is outside of the scope of this appendix, yet hopefully enough has been said that the coherence of our Bibles with all of history may be manifest.
Connecting them to the serpent of Genesis, we see that John the Baptist called the Edomite jew Pharisees a “race of vipers” (ἔχιδνα, 2191), which is recorded at Matt. 3:7 and Luke 3:7. Yahshua had told His disciples: “I beheld the Adversary falling as lightning from heaven! Behold! I have given to you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions, and upon all the power of the enemy…” (Luke 10:18-19; cf. Rev. 12:9). At Luke 11:45-51 we see that it is a particular race, the Edomite jews and their fathers (11:47 and 48), who shall be held accountable for the blood of all the prophets, even from Abel. Here it is manifest that Yahshua must be speaking to the descendants of Cain: for only Cain could be responsible for the blood of Abel. We see in the Old Testament, in one of the few places that the identity of the perpetrators is specifically documented, that it was Doeg the Edomite who would kill the priests of Yahweh for Saul, when none of Saul’s other servants would do so (cf. I Sam. 22:6-23). It can also be argued that Jezebel (the daughter of Ethbaal [or Ithobaal], a pagan priest at Tyre who slew the legitimate king and usurped the throne, for which see Josephus’ Against Apion), who slew many of the prophets of Yahweh (I Kings 18), was also descended from Canaanites.
This “enemy” of Luke 10:18-19 is mentioned elsewhere in Luke 1:71, 19:14 and 27, and 20:43, and Acts 13:10. Their origin is explained in the Parable of the Wheat and the Tares at Matt. 13:36-43. Yahshua Christ foretold the time of vengeance on this enemy at Luke 21:22-24, as Daniel had many years before (Dan. 9:26), and as Paul was later aware of (Rom. 16:20). The dispersion of the jews after the destruction of Jerusalem was NOT the diaspora of the children of Israel, which happened many centuries beforehand and after which only a small remnant ever returned to Judaea. Rather, the dispersion after 70 A.D. was that of the “bad figs”, the people cursed by Yahweh, for which see Jer. 24:9-10, and also Isa. 65:15; and Jer. 19:8-11; 26:6; and 29:17-19. If these Edomite jews were indeed the children of Yahweh, they would not have been likened to mere husbandmen (Luke 20:9-16), but would rather have been heirs of the Kingdom with Christ (Gal. 3:29; Tit. 3:7; Heb. 6:17 and 11:9; Jas. 2:5). Yet the husbandmen shall be destroyed because they killed the servants (prophets) and the Son (Yahshua Christ) of the owner of the vineyard (Yahweh). These are the enemies who have rejected the sovereignty of Yahshua Christ (Luke 19:14), and there is no turning back for them now (Matt. 27:25, Luke 19:27, John 19:15). They would not, nor could they, repent or believe Him, even though one should rise from the dead (Luke 16:19-31).
The Edomite-Canaanite jews are the fig tree of Matt. 21:19 ff., Luke 13:6 ff., which bore no fruit. They are the “sons of this age”, as opposed to the “sons of light” who are the children of Yahweh as related at Luke 16:8. It is they who force their way into the Kingdom of Yahweh (Matt. 11:12, Luke 16:16) and yet they shall ultimately be excluded from it (i.e. Luke 13:28). They are the bad tree which cannot possibly produce good fruit, opposed to the good tree, which are the true genetic Israelites who cannot produce bad fruit (Matt 7:17-18, Luke 6:43-44). These jews are a corrupt race which the children of Israel have been warned to keep themselves from (i.e. Acts 2:40); oppressive wolves (Acts 20:29) who would scatter and devour the sheep (John 10:12). Claiming to be Judah, they are truly “vagabond” descendants of Cain (Acts 19:13, cf. Gen. 4:14; Luke 11:52, John 8:44) and of the assembly of Satan, the Adversary (Rev. 2:9 and 3:9).
διάβολος (1228) is an adjective, “slanderous, backbiting…as Substantive a slanderer” (Liddell & Scott [L & S]). In Luke it only appears as a Substantive and is rendered here “the False Accuser” with the Article, after the use of both the related noun διαβολή, “false accusation, slander, calumny…” (L & S), and the verb διαβάλλω (1225), “III. to traduce, slander, calumniate…to misrepresent…IV. to deceive by false accounts…” (L & S). So the rendering here intends to represent the full meaning of the word. In the New Testament it is manifest that ὁ διάβολος is a synonym for ὁ σατανᾶς. In the A.V. it was always translated “devil”, as δαιμόνιον (see below) also was. διάβολος was used to translate the Hebrew for Satan in the LXX, in I Chronicles chapter 21, Job chapters 1 and 2, and Zechariah chapter 3.
The “False Accuser” of Luke chapter 4 certainly appears to be a supernatural being, yet this is not necessarily so, and I would only desire more information before reaching such a conclusion. Paul used the word in such a manner that it can refer to either the spiritual entity (see δαιμόνιον below), or to those members of the Adversary, the descendants of the Serpent already discussed at length above, for which see Eph. 4:27 and 6:11; I Tim. 3:6; and II Tim. 2:26. That Satan, the Dragon or Serpent, is also “the Accuser”, see Rev. 12:10 in the A.V., where the synonym κατήγωρ, a form of κατήγορος (2725), is used, and also II Pet. 2:7-12. At John 8:33, certain Judaean leaders professed never to have been in bondage. The Edomites could make such a profession, also being Abraham’s offspring, but the Israelites were in bondage several times: in Egypt, Assyria, and Babylon. Yahshua calls these men sons of their father the devil, or ὁ διάβολος.
For examples of the behavior which the epithet “False Accuser” describes, which is quite an appropriate appellation for the jews, see Matt. 15:2; Mark 2:6-7; Luke 5:21; 6:2 and 7; 13:14; 15:2; and 20:19-26; Acts 6:13; 17:7; and 21:27-29 and 34-36. We have constant examples of such behavior from these same people in modern times, found in the false atrocity stories, false cries of oppression, insistence upon speech restrictions and “hate crimes” laws, ad nauseum.
The word δαιμόνιον (1140) was also used by secular Greek writers – and I will conjecture that one’s interpretation of it is dependent upon one’s perspective – to denote “the divine Power, deity, divinity…” but also “a spirit, a being inferior to God…” (Thayer) and also in secular Greek writers cited by L & S “…an inferior divine being, a demon”. The word is derived from δαίμων (1142, found in the N.T. only at Matt. 8:31), which is “a god, goddess; an inferior deity…” (Thayer). Inferior or lesser “gods” are mentioned in the Old Testament at Exod. 23:32; II Kin. 21:3; Mic. 4:5; Psa. 8:5 where “angels” in the A.V. is actually the Hebrew word elohim (430) and should have been written “gods”; and at Mal. 2:11 in reference to the mother of Shelah, Judah’s Canaanite wife. Surely Mal. 2:11 supports the contentions here concerning the derivation of the Canaanites, which was in part from Ham, but in part from the Kenite descendants of Cain, son of the Serpent (i.e. Gen. 15:19-21). Jude refers to these as “the angels which kept not their first estate” at Jude 6, and Paul blames them for false religions at Col 2:18, evident also at Rev. 9:20. Note also I Cor. 8:5. As the Old Testament attests, and the New Testament verifies, the Israelites and all other Adamites are the children of Yahweh (i.e. Deut. 14:1; Psa. 82:6; Luke 3:38; John 10:34-36; Acts 17:28-29; Heb. 2:13), here it is evident that the other races – of which there is no record in Genesis that Yahweh created – are the children of these “lesser gods”, of the Serpent, and even though they often mingled with the blood of Adam (and do very commonly today), notably through Eve, Cain, Canaan, Esau, and Judah, among many others later, these are the “seed of the Serpent” and collectively ὁ σατανᾶς, or “the Satan”, “the Adversary”.
δαιμόνιον is nearly always “demon” here, and it appears over 50 times in the New Testament. One time it is rendered “gods” in Acts, at 17:18, as seems appropriate in the context there. The verb δαιμονίζομαι (1139), “to be possessed by a demon or evil spirit” (L & S), appears 14 times in the New Testament, all of them in the gospels. The word δαίμων, of which δαιμόνιον is a diminutive, appears only once in the New Testament, at Matthew 8:31, where in the plural it too is “demons”.
βεελζεβούλ (954) is mentioned at Matt. 10:25, 12:24 and 27, Mark 8:22 and Luke 11:15, 18, and 19, and is called the “Prince of demons”. There is a Baal-zebub in the Old Testament, found only in II Kings chapter 1. While in his Greek dictionary Strong tells us that βεελζεβούλ means dung-god (Gr. #954), he refers us to his Hebrew dictionary #1176 where finding the definitions of the component words baal (Heb. #1167) and zebub (Heb. #2070), the name apparently means lord of the fly. However zebul (Heb. #s 2073, 2083) is a residence or a dwelling, and so baal-zebul apparently means lord of the house.
In New Testament writing, demons are equated with “unclean spirits”, i.e. Mark 7:25-26; Luke 4:33; 8:29-30; 9:42; Rev. 16:13-14 and 18:2 etc. Such an equation was also often made by the authors of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Qumran sect, where it is evident that these “demons” or “serpents” were believed to exist on both the physical and the spiritual planes, yet are all of that same “satanic”, or adversarial entity. We find in the Dead Sea Scrolls references to “spirits of Belial” quite often, as in 4Q271 (4QDamascus Documentf) Frag. 5 col. I or 1QM (1Q33 or 1QWar Scroll) col. XIII. The word “Belial” in Hebrew is associated with the idea of something mixed, and is often used of people in the Old Testament, and at II Cor. 6:14-18, for which see Strong’s Hebrew dictionary at #s 1098, 1100, and 1101. The Scrolls mention the “spirits of Bastards” (those of mixed racial backgrounds) at 1QHa (1QHodayota) cols. XXIV and XXV, where they are also referred to as “spirits of wickedness”; at 4Q202 (4QEnochb ar) col. IV; 4Q204 (4QEnochc ar) col. V; 4Q444 (4QIncantation) Frag. 2 col. I mentioned with the “spirit of uncleanness”; 4Q510 (4QSongs of the Sagea) Frag. 1: “…all the spirits of the ravaging angels and the bastard spirits, demons…” and at 4Q511 (4QSongs of the Sageb) Frags. 48, 49, & 51 where they are equated to “impure sinners”, among many other places where they are mentioned. This is all rather consistent with the epistles of Jude and of Peter (Jude 4-16 and II Peter chapter 2).
We also have in the Dead Sea Scrolls a comparison by the writers of a woman pregnant with a son, who in her pain gives birth to “a wonderful counselor with his strength”, to “she who is pregnant with a serpent…and the breakers of the pit result in all deeds of terror” (1QHa, or 1QHodayota, col. XI). Here the “spirits of the serpent” are also called the “torrents of Belial” and “schemers of the deep”, among other such epithets. At IV Macc. 18:7-8 in the LXX Apocrypha, a noble Israelite woman was recorded as having said to her children, comparing herself to Eve (from Brenton’s English): “…I was a pure virgin, and went not beyond my father’s house; but I took care of the built-up rib. No destroyer of the desert, [or] ravisher of the plain, injured me, nor did the destructive, deceitful snake, make spoil of my chaste virginity…” (cf. Gen. 2:21-22 and 3:1-15; II Cor. 11:3). Note Acts 13:10 and John 8:44. It was a very real fact to Yahshua Christ, to the early Christians, as well as to John the Baptist (Matt. 3:7, Luke 3:7) and the pre-Christian Israelites cited here, that there were living, breathing, genetic children of the serpent, devil, or Satan walking this earth and dwelling among us. The Bible tells us again and again just who they are, and what would befall us for refusing to recognize as much.