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ABRAHAMIC COVENANT by E. Raymond Capt
Almighty God Said:
“As for me, behold my covenant is with thee and thou shall be a father of many nations.
Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of
many nations have I made thee.
And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of
And/will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for
an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee and to thy seed after thee.” (Genesis 17:vs 4-7)
Let it be noted that this Covenant was an Everlasting Contract. Concerning this Covenant it is said (in
Hebrews, chapter 6: vs 13 to 20) that because God had sworn to it by an oath and because it was
impossible for God to lie, the Covenant is immutable.
The Covenant was unalterable, unchangeable, and everlasting, which means IT MUST EXIST TODAY. Read the entire Covenant in Genesis 17, and you will find it not only concerned the ownership of all the
land from the river Euphrates to the river Nile, but, overshadowing all else, it was a Covenant “To be a
God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, in their generations for ever.” Can we comprehend what that
means? It has not been revoked. Now note that the Covenant was made not only with Abraham for his
lifetime but also with his seed for ever, through Isaac (Gen. 17: 8-24 and Romans 9: 7-9) and through
Isaac’s son, Jacob. So we find the Everlasting Covenant made by Almighty God with Abraham (Gen. 17:
4-8) established in Isaac, (Gen. 26: 1-5) ratified and confirmed to Jacob (Gen. 35: 10-12).
Special attention must be called to the fact that the Covenant was absolutely unconditional, unalterable
and unchangeable. It did not depend on what the descendants of Abraham did or did not do. The
Covenant stands forever on the oath of God.
Abraham was also promised a tremendous number of descendants. Three symbols are used in Genesis to
describe the number:
1. The dust of the earth: “And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered” [Gen. 13: 16]. “And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shall spread abroad to the west, and to the
east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth
be blessed” [Gen. 28: 14]. 2. The stars of heaven: “And he brought him forth abroad, and said. Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be
able to number them: and he said unto him. So shall thy seed be.” [Gen- 15:5]
3. The sand of the sea: “That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the
heaven, and as the sand which is upon the seashore: and thy seed shall possess the gate of his
enemies” [Gen. 22:17]. “And thou saidst, I will surely do thee good, and make thy seed as the sand of the sea, which cannot
be numbered for multitude” [Gen. 32:12].
God later changed the name of Jacob to Israel. (Gen. 35:10) so his descendants who were the inheritors
of the Covenant were hereafter known as Israel. Jacob had twelve sons, each the head of his own family.
These families developed into the 12-tribed nation of Israel (Gen. 35:22).
Jacob, hereafter called Israel, loved Joseph more than all his other children, (Gen. 37:3) and before Israel
died, Joseph brought his two sons to his father to be blessed. Israel crossed his hands and laying his
hands on their heads, blessed the sons of Joseph-Ephraim and Manasseh. He then said, “And let my
name be named on them.” Thus his adoption of the two sons of Joseph created another tribe, making
thirteen tribes in all. Although Joseph was displeased that his father’s right hand was laid upon the head
of Ephraim, the younger brother, Israel refused to uncross his hands, so Ephraim was set before
Manasseh (Gen. 48:16-20). Thus Manasseh became the thirteenth tribe and received the promise of
becoming a great nation. Ephraim was given the promise of becoming a company of nations (i.e.v 48).
Much of the history of the now thirteen tribes of Israel must, of necessity, be passed over here: The
dramatic account of their sojourn in the land of Egypt for over four hundred years, their great
deliverance by the hand of God from the land, and the still greater deliverance at the Red Sea when God
led his people across on dry land in safety, causing the waters to stand back while His people crossed
over and the destruction of the pursuing Egyptians can be found in Exodus 14: 21-30. Chapters 15
through 18 record their forty years in the wilderness.
Finally, at Mount Sinai God gave His people a code of Laws, Statutes, Judgments, Commandments and
Ordinances (the latter ceased with the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ) by which His
Kingdom on earth would be administered. (Exodus, chapters 19 to 40, and the books of Leviticus. Numbers and Deuteronomy). These laws covered every phase of both national and individual life:
social, financial, economic, ecclesiastical, agricultural dietetic, and personal.
The keeping of these laws on the promise and the assurance of God will result in perfect happiness and
contentment with freedom from sickness. Concerning these laws, the Psalmist wrote: The law of the
Lord is perfect” (Psalm 19: 7).
The people at Mt. Sinai entered into a solemn covenant with their God and King, for they said. “All that
the Lord hath spoken we will do” (Exodus 24: 7-8). That is what is known as the first or National
Covenant and must not be confused with the Abrahamic Covenant which was made some four hundred
years previously and which was unconditional. The Covenant made at Mt. Sinai was made conditional
upon the keeping of the Laws, Statutes, Judgments and Commandments of God.
So we find God laying before His people the conditions of this National Covenant. IF they kept His
laws, blessed would they be in all their undertakings; blessed in the city and in the field, in the fruit of
the ground, their cattle and flocks, assured of certain victory over their enemies, and there would be no
sickness or poverty among the people. BUT, if they did not keep those laws, then the opposite would be
the result. All their undertakings would be cursed; there would be crop failures, disease in cattle and in
their own bodies, poverty and sickness would overtake them, their enemies would gain the victory over
them in battle. All this may be read in the 28
chapter of Deuteronomy, and in the 26
Here, God warned Israel that if they persisted in continually breaking His Laws, not only would curses
come upon them. He would punish them for seven times, (a time being 360 years, seven times would be
2520 years) and would banish them from the land of Palestine and scatter them among the heathens (like
lost sheep) (Lev. 26: 28-46).
For a good many years all went well, the people obeyed the laws of the kingdom and received the
promised rewards. Then they began to tire and wanted to be like other peoples around them. First of all
they desired an earthly king and God said that although in doing so, they had rejected Him, He would
give them permission to have an earthly king (I Sam. 8: 7-22). Saul was then appointed as Israel’s first
Later he was removed because of sin, and God Himself appointed David (of the tribe Judah) to be King
over all Israel. God then established the Throne of David FOREVER. (II Sam. 7: 11-17 and Psalm 89: 3- 4) making an Everlasting Covenant with David that his throne and his house would endure forever and
that there would always be one of David’s seed of lineage to reign upon that throne over the House of
Israel for ever (Jer. 33: 17-26). The throne would endure as long as the sun and the moon endured in the
heavens (Psalm 89: 29-37).
So here we have:
1) The Everlasting Covenant made with Israel forever, through their forefathers. Abraham, Isaac and
Jacob who is now called Israel.
2) The Kingdom of Israel established for ever.
3) The Throne and the House of David established as the Monarchical system over the House of
So the House of Israel, the Throne of David, and the Everlasting Covenant must be in existence
TODAY. Note: The throne of David was also the Throne of the Lord, the King of Israel. “For the Lord
God shall give unto Him the Throne of His Father David, and He shall reign over the House of Jacob
forever” (Luke 1:32-33). Remember, He has not as yet occupied that Throne.
To return to David’s reign, we find that he reigned for seven years over the House of Judah only and
then for thirty-three years over all Israel, (namely thirteen-tribed Israel – II Sam. 5: 4-5). During his
reign, while Israel kept the Laws of God, prosperity was the result. Of that time it is recorded. “Every
man dwelt safely under his own vine and fig tree.” (I Kings 4: 25). A perfect social order existed
wherein dwelt righteousness.
So wonderful and glorious was the Kingdom that kings and queens came from all parts of the earth to
see the glories of the kingdom. But alas Solomon, to whom David passed the throne, fell into sin causing
the people of the thirteen tribes to sin also and because of their sin. God caused the kingdom to be
divided into two kingdoms (I Kings 11: 29-36). The ten tribes under the leadership of Ephraim formed
the Northern Kingdom of Israel with Samaria as its capital and Jeroboam as its king.
The other two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, with most of the tribe of Levi, formed what was known as
the Southern Kingdom of Judah, with their capital located at Jerusalem, and Rehoboam as its king (I
Kings 12: 16 -20). Although Judah had received a large part of the tribe of Levi, she was still referred to
as the two-tribed kingdom. The tribe of Levi having received no inheritance with Israel, (Deut. 18:1-2)
was portioned among all the tribes for priestly duties. This did not remove Levi from being a distinct
tribe, only from being numbered among the landed tribes. Although Scripture thereafter refers to
“Twelve tribes,” or the “ten-tribed” and the “two-tribed” kingdoms, Manasseh remained numbered as the
The titles “House of Israel” and the “House of Judah” are used to designate the two kingdoms, as they
stand separated and in opposition to each other.
The “Birthright” tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh went with the ten-tribed kingdom, and Judah to whom
pertains the Throne or “Sceptre” through God’s Covenant with David, formed the other kingdom. The
SCEPTRE and the BIRTHRIGHT were separated then and there. Each became a nucleus. All the seed
of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob gathered around either one or the other.
The Divided Kingdom
The Northern Kingdom, “Israel,” 933-721 B.C.
The Southern Kingdom, “Judah,” 933-606 B.C.
The King of Judah assembled his army together to use force to unite the kingdoms, but God forbade it, saying He had divided the Kingdoms (I Kings 12: 21-24). Thus, each was free and independent of the
other to fulfill its God-appointed destiny; one to fulfill the first covenant which the Lord made with their
father Abraham, that of having multitudinous seed, spreading abroad and becoming many nations
having kings over them; the other to fulfill the second covenant of bringing forth the Messiah.
After the division of Israel into two kingdoms, the people went deeper and deeper into sin until finally
the warning which God had given them in Leviticus 26, that if they persisted in sinning he would invoke
the seven times punishment and cause them to be removed from their land and scattered among the
heathens, was put into effect. The Assyrians came against the Northern Kingdom (ten-tribed Israel; and
defeating them in battles, carried them away captive into Assyria. They were put into Halah, and in
Habor, by the river Gozan and the cities of Medes. In one final invasion the balance of the Northern
Kingdom was removed into exile. The accounts of the invasions may be found in II Kings 17: 6-18 and
18: 11-12. Some of the tribes had been removed in previous invasions by Assyria (II Kings 15: 29).
The cities of Samaria were then restocked by the Assyrians with captive people from Babylon, from
Cuthath, from Ava, from Mamath and from Sepharvaim (II Kings 17: 24). These captives, not of Israel, were the Samaritans referred to by Jesus when He commanded His disciples to go not into the cities of
the Samaritans, but go rather to the lost sheep of the House of Israel (Matt. 10: 5-6).
Note that the term “House of Israel”, after the captivity of both kingdoms, often was applied to all the
thirteen tribes, collectively, including Judah. Sometimes the word “whole” House of Israel. House of
Israel “wholly” and “all Israel” were used.
In spite of the terrible experiences of the House of Israel, strange to say. the House of Judah did not
learn its lesson, or heed the warning, for the Scripture states that they continued in sin even more than
the Northern Kingdom (Jer. 3: 6-11). So we find the same punishment being meted out to them, starting
with a series of invasions by Sennacharib. King of Assyria (II Kings 18: 13) when a greater part of
Judah was also carried away captive to Assyria. This was followed later by the invasions of
Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babyon. On these latter occasions, the captives of Judah were carried away to
Babylon until finally they had all been removed from the land of Palestine (II Kings 24: 1-4 and 24: 11- 14). The third invasion (II Kings 25: 1-12) and then the final removal (II Kings 25: 22-26) fulfilled
God’s warning to them in Leviticus, chapter 26.
This is where the prevailing religious bodies fail to fully understand the Scripture. They declare that
because God had caused Israel to be driven from the land of Palestine, He had cast them away forever. In doing so, they teach, God had brought His Kingdom, established at Mount Sinai, to an end and in its
place had chose what they term the Gentile church, or “Spiritual Israel.”
In contradiction to this theory, God is faithful. He cannot and will not lie and He will keep His
Everlasting Covenant made with Abraham and his descendants. Israel. For if He has cast His people
away forever and they no longer exist then God has lied. He has been unfaithful. He has broken His
Everlasting Covenant with them and is not dependable. But we know He does not and cannot lie (Heb. 6: 18).
No proof can be found in Scripture that God has cast away His people forever. The proofs that God has
not cast them off are too numerous to be listed here but a few should be mentioned. Read Leviticus 26, where God warned Israel that the result of the continued sinning would be removal from their land to be
scattered throughout the nations of the earth, but in the 44
verse we have God’s definite statement that
even when they were in the hands of their enemies He would not cast them away. Even for all their sin, He would not break His Covenant with them. This is repeated in Deut. 4: 26-31.
Again in Isaiah 41: 8-9, after all Israel had been scattered. God says He has not cast them away. Then in
the closing book of the Old Testament, Malachi 3: 6. God says to Israel. “I am the Lord, I change not, therefore ye sons of Jacob are NOT consumed.”
We also find in the New Testament when Christ, the God of Israel, came to earth He declared. “I am not
sent, but unto the lost sheep of the House of Israel” (Matt. 15: 24). Would he have come to seek a people
that did not exist? Rather, it is declared of Him that He came to “confirm the promises made unto the
fathers” (Rom. 15: 8).
Also, Paul in answer to the question, “Hath God cast away His people?” replied in no uncertain terms. “God hath not cast away His people” (Rom. 11: 1-2). The epistle of James is addressed to the “Twelve
tribes scattered abroad”. Peter wrote to (the strangers and pilgrims in the lands through which they were
scattered) (1 Peter 1 & 2). A wealth of scripture can be found to prove that God has sworn He will never
cast them away, nor break His Everlasting Covenant with them.
Our Lord Jesus Christ, Paul, Peter. James, and the prophets all declare they are not cast away, but the
organized religions teach that God has cast them away forever, thereby nullifying His Everlasting
Covenant with them. Whom do you believe? If you really believe God, then there can be only one
answer, and that is the answer given by Paul. “God hath not cast away His people.” What then is to become of them? Much space could be taken up answering this question by simply
presenting the numerous statements from Scripture relative to it, but only a few can be given here.
We will start with the Prophet Jeremiah and from Jer. 31: 10, “And declare it in the isles afar off and
say, He that scattered Israel will gather and keep him as a shepherd doth his flock.” That was a promise
made by God to Israel after their dispersion; that is confirmed again in Jeremiah 32:37-44, then again in
Isaiah 43: 5-6, addressed to scattered Israel. In Jeremiah 18, God tells the prophet that just as the potter’s
clay was marred in the hands of the potter, but taken again the second time and remoulded into a perfect
vessel, so would He do with the House of Israel. In Jer. 46:27 God told Israel He would save them from
afar off together with all their seed. And in Ezekiel 20: 34 God promised to gather Israel out of the
countries wherein they were scattered.
In Amos 9: 9, God declared that although He will sift Israel among the nations “like as corn is sifted in a
sieve.” yet not the least grain would fall upon the ground. Then in the 14th and 15th verses He once again
promised to bring them to their own land in the appointed time where they “shall no more be pulled up
out of their land which I have given them”
Israel was to be divorced from the Mosaic Law and their identity temporarily lost to history, but known
to God. They were to be recovenanted. in Christ, to enjoy the Israel Birthright in the “appointed” land; “Moreover, I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a
place of their own, and move no more, neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more as
beforetime” (II Sam. 7: 10). Since the children of Israel were in Palestine at the time, it follows, that the
appointed place had to be somewhere else.
In Ezekiel 34: 1-16, God sees His sheep. His people Israel, “scattered upon all the face of the earth”, as
lost sheep without a shepherd, and in the 11th verse. ” For thus saith the Lord God, Behold I, even I, will
both search my sheep, and seek them out as a shepherd doth his flock in the day that he is among his
sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark
Here, God is saying that He Himself would come and seek them out as a shepherd seeking his lost
sheep, (Jer. 31:10) And when Christ came to earth He said, “I and the Father are one” (John 10: 30.)
Timothy understood this great mystery and stated “God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles*, believed on in the world, received up into glory.” Clearly
this was referring to Christ of whom the prophets foretold, “He would be called the Son of God.” St. Matthew also understood what was spoken of the Lord by the Prophet Isaiah, “Behold, a virgin shall be
with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel,” when he said, “Emmanuel which being interpreted is. God is with us.” (Matt. 1: 23) Isaiah also gave among the names
of the child, “The Everlasting Father” (Isaiah 9: 6).
Christ then openly declared, “I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the House of Israel,” (Matt. 15: 24)
“I am the good shepherd, the good shepherd giveth his life for his sheep” (John 10:11; “The Son of Man
is come to save that which was lost” (Matt. 18: 11). He commissioned His disciples, “As the Father hath
sent Me even so send I you.” A study of the Epistles will soon prove that they have found Israel where
they had been scattered throughout Western Europe and part of Asia, and in the Isles of the Sea, north
and west of Palestine.
*Gentile – To better understand what Timothy said it must be pointed out that the word “Gentile” which
is not to be found in any original scripture, is a translated word from the Greek word “ethnos” which
means “heathen”, “people” (non-Jewish) also “nations”. The word could have been translated “people” or even better “nations” for Christ did not go to the heathen but rather He did preach to the people of
non-Jewish origin or nations of Israel as will be shown later.
Now, what is the purpose of the re-gathering of Israel? The answer from scripture is that God may keep
His Everlasting Covenant with them made through their forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Therefore, He is going to restore His Kingdom on earth with Israel, once again, as His subjects.
Read what the prophets have to say on this subject of this re-gathering of Israel. Isaiah, from the 40
chapter to the end, is filled with the promises of God to Israel in the Isles of the sea (the place of His
Kingdom on earth after it was removed from Palestine till the final return to New Jerusalem. At the
second advent of Christ, He shall take the Throne (Luke 1: 32). Jeremiah has much to say concerning the
promise of the restoration of Israel and Judah, see Jeremiah chapters 30, 31, and 32. Ezekiel, from the
36th through the 39
chapters gives the plans or blueprints for the restoration of the kingdom. In Ezekiel
37: 16 – 17 the divided kingdom referred to as the “sticks” of Judah and Ephraim is joined into one
“stick”. God clearly explains the meaning of this in verse 22 that the divided kingdom shall once again
become one kingdom or nation with one king. And both the prophets Zechariah and Joel tell about the
In the 23
chapter of Jeremiah, God pronounces woe upon the false pastors who have destroyed and
scattered His sheep. But in the 3
verse is the promise that He will gather His flock out of all the
countries whither He had driven them and would bring them again to their folds, “And I will set
shepherds over them which shall feed them; and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed, neither shall
they be lacking, saith the Lord. Behold, the days come saith the Lord that I will raise unto David a
righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth
(Jer. 23: 4 – 5).
Who is this new King? None other than Jesus the Christ, the living God. “For in His days, Judah shall be
saved and Israel shall dwell safely, and this is the name whereby He shall be called. The Lord Our
Righteousness” (Jer. 23: 6).
Yes, Jesus Christ “THE KING.” Remember what was read in Luke 1: 32 – 33. “And the Lord God shall
give unto Him the Throne of his father David and He shall reign over the House of Jacob for ever and of
His Kingdom there shall be no end.” And also Isaiah 9: 6 – 7 “For unto us a child is born, unto us a son
is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, the mighty God, The Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his
government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his Kingdom, to order
it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord
of hosts will perform this.”
Yes, the risen Christ is going to return to take the Throne of David, and to reign over the House of Jacob
for ever with the whole thirteen tribes restored.
This was made possible when Israel was redeemed without money after having sold themselves for
nought. Isaiah 52: 3 and the 53
chapter of Isaiah tells of the Redeemer and the terrible price He would
have to pay to redeem His people from their sins, even to the shedding of His precious blood there on
Calvary, to make an atonement for His people. Yes, “He was wounded for OUR transgressions. He was
bruised for OUR iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with His stripes we are
healed” (Isaiah 53:5).
Yes, Jesus, the Christ, the Shepherd of His sheep came to seek and save the lost sheep of the House of
Israel, and to give His life for His sheep. On Calvary’s cross He redeemed them and saved them from
their sins, but He rose again on the third day, triumphant over death. Thereby He opened the way to
eternal life to all who would believe on His name. He ascended into Heaven, “from henceforth expecting
until His enemies be made His footstool” (Heb. 10:13). When He returns He will take the Throne of
David and reign over the House of Jacob forever.
This wonderful promise of the restoration of Israel and Judah will be preceded by a great cleansing, and
God Himself has undertaken to do that. God gives us the details of this in Ezekiel 36:16 38 and you
will notice in verses 22 and 32 that God declares He is not doing it for Israel’s sake but for His own Holy
Name’s sake and in verse 37 He says these words, “Thus saith the Lord God; I will yet be inquired of by
the House of Israel to do it for them.” Then Israel will be made ready to receive her King.
Now, going back to the delivering or gathering of Israel to a new land as prophesied by Jeremiah, “and I
will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them
again to their folds; and they shall be fruitful and increase.” (Jer. 23: 3) and “But, the Lord liveth, which
brought up and which led the seed of the House of Israel out of the north country, and from all countries
whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land.” (Jer. 23: 8) This began with the fall
of the Assyrian Empire when portions of the tribes started across Europe toward the Isles in the Sea. Many were yet in the area of their captivity, even until the days of Christ. At the time of the Apostles
when upon the commandment of Christ to “Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the
Samaritans enter ye not, but go rather to the lost sheep of the House of Israel” (Matt. 10: 5 6), they
went into these areas seeking the “lost sheep”, the exiled tribes. This was the fulfillment of the Scripture, “Yet does He devise means that His banished be not expelled from Him.” (II Sam. 14: 14) In keeping
with the scripture, the Apostles went into the cities of Medes, Galatia, Halah, Pamphylia, Cappadocia
and the region of the Euxine Sea.
From these areas in Media and northern Mesopotamia, the Israelites were taken (between 745 700
B.C.) and became the so-called Lost Tribes of Israel. After a lapse of over 2,500 years, it might be
thought that all hope of tracing the Israelites had been lost in the mists of antiquity. But archaeologists
have, during the last hundred years, unearthed and published the original contemporary records of the
Assyrians who took the Israelites captive, and it is from these records that vital clues have come to light.
The clues, in the form of cuneiform tablets, identify the lost Israelites with the Assyrian name “Gimira”. They further record their migrations out of Asia Minor.
732-700 B.C. Israel taken into exile by the Assyrians who called them Khumri, later corrupted to
The Assyrian records reveal one group of Gimira (Israelites) escaped to the shore of the Black Sea
during the second year of Esarhaddon, 679 B.C. After raiding Lydia and settling there for a while, the
Israelites crossed the Black Sea to the Carpathian region, called in 2nd Esdras “Ar-sareth”. or “Mountains
of Sereth”. The Greeks called these Gimira, “Kimmerioi”, translated into English “Cimmerians”. It is
also mentioned in 2nd Esdras 13:
40-44 that some of the tribes of Israel made their escape into the mountains of Asia Minor by way of the
upper Euphrates gorge.
710-590 B.C. Israelites called Gimira by the Assyrians and Cimmerians by the Greeks established a
reign of terror in Asia Minor. They finally migrated to Europe to a place which they called Arsareth (2
The larger body of Israelites, who had not escaped the Assyrians, were later allowed to establish
colonies in Sacasene and Bactria. These colonies were first called “Gimira” but later “Iskuza” by the
Assyrians. After the fall
650 600 B.C. Israelites in Media became known as Scythians.
of the Assyrian capital Nineveh in 612 B.C. to the Medes and Babylonians, the Gimira colonies were
driven out of Media. The colony of Sacasene passed through the Dariel Pass in the Caucasus mountains
and occupied the steppe regions of South Russia. The colony of Bactria retreated across the Jaxartes
River eastward into Central Asia, some going east as far as the borders of China.
600-500 B.C. Following the collapse of their Assyrian allies, the Scythians were driven north through
the Caucasus by the Medes, and they settled in south Russia.
A rock-hewn inscription at Behistun. in north Persia, shows the Persian equivalent for Gimira was
Sakka, probably derived from Isaaca, or house of Isaac; the name by which the Israelites called
themselves (Amos 7: 9, 16). Ancient historians tell us that the people whom the Greeks called “Scythians” were called “Sacae” or “Sakka” by the Persians. The Greeks got the Scythian from the
Assyrian “Iskuza”, which is quite probably derived from Isaac.
During the fifth century B.C. the Scythian Israelites began moving across the rivers Don and Dnieper,
thus coming into collision with the Cimmerian Israelites who had earlier migrated round the west of the
Black Sea. Knowledge of their kinship having been lost during the centuries of separation, battles
ensued, forcing the Cimmerians west. Some moved away to the north-west into the sparsely inhabited
regions of the Baltic, where they later became known, to the Romans, as Cimbri. The larger body of
Cimmerians migrated, as scattered bands. up the Danube River arriving near its source in south
Germany about 600-500 B.C. There they became known as “Celts” and “Gauls”. They gave the lower
Danube the Celtic name “Ister”, meaning lowness.
650-500 B.C. Cimmerians in Europe moved up the Danube and became known as Celts.
525-300 B.C. Others driven out of south Russia by the Scythians moved north-west between the rivers
Oder and Vistula to the Baltic, where they later became known as Cimbri.
About 390 B.C. some of the Cimmerian Israelites invaded Italy and sacked Rome. About 280 B.C. others invaded Greece and as they migrated back into Asia Minor, they were called “Galatians” by the
Greeks. However, most of them spread west and north across France and began to cross the English
Channel into the British Isles.
400-100 B.C. The Celtic expansion from central Europe: some attacked Rome in 390 B.C. and settled
for 200 years in northern Italy; others known as Galatians, after invading Greece in 279 B.C., migrated
to Asia Minor. Most of them moved west into France and later to Britain.
From the fifth to the fourth century B.C. the Scythian Israelites established themselves in south Russia
as the great and prosperous kingdom of Scythia. They formed close trade relations with the Greeks
whom they supplied with grain. Towards the end of the third century, however, a non-Israelitish people, the Sarmatians swept into South Russia from the east. By the end of the second century B.C. they had
occupied all the Carpathian regions and the Danube. Only two small pockets of Scythians were left on
the shores of the Black Sea; one in the Crimea and the other south of the Danube delta. Squeezed
between Sarmatians and Celts the main body of Scythians were driven north-west, where they are later
reported, by the Romans, as occupying the south coast of the Baltic and North Seas.
250-100 B.C. South Russia was invaded from the east by the Sarmatians, who drove the Scythians
north-west through Poland into Germany.
As the Sarmatian tribes moved into “Scythia” in south Russia, there was a tendency to confuse them
with the Scythians, but the Romans introduced the name “German” for the genuine Scythians (germanus
being Latin for genuine) and, except in outlying parts, the name Scythian was dropped in favor of
Germans and Sarmatians. Nevertheless, the land south of the Baltic and eastern North Sea was still
called Scythia, and as late as A.D. 800 the old Welsh historian Nennius called the home of the Anglo- Saxons, “Scythia”.
It is well known that the Anglo-Saxons who came to Britain were called Germans by the Romans, and
that the Normans, the last to arrive in A.D. 1066, were of the same stock.
As the Scythians were driven west by the Sarmatians they in turn drove the Cimbri across the Rhine into
France. The Cimbri in search of living area, went roving and pillaging as far as Spain and Italy, but were
almost entirely wiped out in battles with the Romans. One group did reach north Britain, by ships, and
became known as the “Picts”.
Between 400-100 B.C. the Celts continued to pour into Britain to form the “bed-rock” of the British
race. One group in Spain, known as “Iberes” (the Gaelic name for Hebrews) moved into Ireland as “Scots”, naming the island “Hibernia”; a name that still exists. Some Celts remaining in Spain, became
known as “Basques”; others, in France, became known as “Bretons”.
During the succeeding centuries the Scythian Germans broke up into many divisions, possibly in some
instances into their original Israel tribal families. One group settled around the shores of the Baltic Sea
as “Goths”. Others became the Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Danes and Vikings, to name just a few. Later, other Germanic tribes poured into the lands vacated by the Celts and established the Gothic nations of
the Vandals, Lombards, Franks, Burgundians and Ostrogoths.
A.D. 450-1100 Saxons, A.D. 450-600; others, after moving north through Jutland, became known as
Danes and Vikings. Some of these came direct to England, but others settled for a short time in France
and were called Normans.
The tribes, as they migrated westward, in-mixed with a great number of Israelites who had left their
homeland long before the captivities began. They had migrated due to overpopulation of their homeland,
and later for fear of the then rising Assyrian Empire. The people of Dan were explorers and settled in
new places. Centuries before the captivities they founded colonies in Greece, which attracted
immigrants from the other tribes. The Bible speaks of Zebulun and Naphthali as being great warriors. The blond Hellenes (early Greeks) were noted for strong, healthy bodies. It was only long afterward. when Greece brought home dark skinned slaves and intermarried with them that the modern olive to
dark skinned, black haired Greek was developed. Early Troy was founded by Hebrews that came from
Egypt before the Exodus (1453 B.C.). From Troy came the Romans who settled in Italy.
The Israelites, when reaching the “Isles of the West”, found that descendants of Judah’s twin son Zarah
(Zarahites who had never entered the land of Palestine) had preceded them. The authenticated arrival to
the isles of Brutus the Trojan in 1103 B.C. and the founding of the ancient city of London, first called
New Troy is of the branch of Judah. They too had previously absorbed peoples known as the early
Aryan-Phoenicians who had settled in the isles over a thousand years prior, under the leadership of Hu
Gadarn. Besides their stone monuments (among which are Stonehenge and Avebury) and their names, we have only traditional records of them.
The similarity of stone groupings and the astronomical alignments of the monuments found in Brittany
with those of the peoples of early Asia is one link in the mass of evidence unearthed by biblical
archaeologists in tracing these older Hebrew-Phoenicians to the area where the Adamic or Aryan race
originated, near the Pamir plateau in Central Asia. an area that satisfies the geography of the first
chapters of Genesis. These early Hebrew-Phoenicians were referred to as “Tarshish” by ancient records
as well as Bible Scripture. Isaiah wrote “Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish
first, to bring thy sons from afar.” (Isaiah 60: 9) and again “I will send those that escape of them unto the
nations, to Tarshish, Pul. and Lud. (Lud was an old name for London) that draw the bow, to Tubal, and
Javan, to the isles afar off.” (Isaiah 66: 19) Ezekiel also wrote of the “merchants of Tarshish” (Ezekiel
Going back to God’s warning of the seven times punishment to be meted out to Israel if she persisted in
the sinful ways, it is logical to assume that the starting date of that punishment period would start from
the date of the removal of Israel from her homeland in Palestine.
A study of the dates when the various tribes were taken into captivity will show that they were not all
taken captive at one time. In fact, many years difference was recorded between their captivities. Thus, the punishment period of 2520 years would start and end at different times depending on the tribe of
Israel. Now by adding 2520 years to the starting date of each of the tribes of Israel going into captivity, where such dates are available, one can establish the ending date of the punishment period. Not all the
exact starting dates can be ascertained. However, in the cases where dates can be determined, we find
that by adding 2520 years to the starting date of a tribe’s captivity, one comes to the date of the founding
of an independent nation or kingdom.
The first Israel tribe to be conquered by the Assyrians was Manasseh, in 745 B.C. Exactly 2520 years
later America became a nation on July 4. 1776. In the case of Ephraim we start with 721 B.C. when
Samaria, the capital of the northern Kingdom of Israel, fell to the Assyrians. Exactly 2520 years from
that date. Great Britain became a Commonwealth (Jan. 1, 1881). The last tribe to go into captivity was
Benjamin. Remember Benjamin was “lent as a light unto Judah”. so that they would be light bearers
before Judah for all times. And, as their captivity started later than any of the other tribes, we would
expect it to end last, which proved to be the case.
The great Scottish Pyramidologist and Bible Chronologist. Dr. Adam Rutherford. F.R. G. S. told the
Icelandic nation many years ago that on a certain day and certain year they would become an
independent nation. They laughed at him and said it would be impossible since they were under the
control of Denmark. Exactly 2520 years from the exile of Benjamin. Iceland became an independent
nation. When invited by the Icelandic Parliament to address them after their independence. Dr. Rutherford reminded them of his prediction, and many members of the Parliament acknowledged they
were of Benjamin.
It is difficult to determine with certainty which Anglo-Saxon – Scandinavian – Lombard – Germanic – Celtic nation of today is basically from which particular Israel tribe. There has been much intermingling
among the tribes in their westward migrations. In God’s plan of the ages they progressively became
“many nations” in Europe and a “company of nations” (the Commonwealth of Great Britain) with
colonies and daughter nations. Today, certain European and Scandinavian nations appear to possess
certain characteristics of the individual tribes of Israel which may well indicate the people of those
nations are predominately of that particular tribe (i.e., Denmark – Dan; Holland – Zebulun; Germany (in
part) – Judah). Great Britain, although it can be identified with Ephraim. has a large infusion of Judah as
well as other tribes. America, possessing the “birthright marks” of Joseph, can only be identified as
modern Manassah (the thirteenth tribe). However, it is today, peopled by a gathering of all the other
tribes of Israel. This is in fulfillment of the prophesy of Jeremiah. “In those days the house of Judah
(tribes of the southern Kingdom) shall walk with the house of Israel (tribes of the northern Kingdom), and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance
(appointed land – II Sam. 7:10) unto your fathers (Jer. 3:18).
Ezekiel also prophesies the joining of Judah and Israel into one nation, “thus saith the Lord God:
Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his
fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they
shall be one in mine hand… Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither
they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land: And I will make
them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king (head) shall be king to them all:
and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all:”
Little has been said heretofore of the portion of Israel remaining in Palestine as the remnant of the
Southern Kingdom of Judah after the removal of the Northern Kingdom of Israel (with a greater part of
Judah) into Assyrian captivity.
Josephus records that the portion of the nation of Judah carried into Babylon captivity by King
Nebuchadnezzar was a million and a half (Neh. Chapter 7). Seventy years later, when Judah was
allowed to return to their homeland, although still in subject, only some forty -two thousand (Neh. 7:66)
went back into Jerusalem, rebuilt the temple and set up the nation, later to be called the nation of the
Jews. While in Babylon, many of the forty-two thousand intermarried with Babylonians, adopted the
Babylonian financial, political and ecclesiastical systems.
Josephus further reports that many non-Israelites joined themselves to the returning Judahites. Later, Christ identified these people, also called Jews, as not of Galilee, (John 7: 1 – 13) not of Abraham or of
God, (John 8: 39 – 47) and not His sheep (John 10: 26 – 30). These Jews themselves testified to not being
a part of Israel by their answer to Christ’s words, “the truth shall make you free,” that they “were never
in bondage to any man” (John 8: 33). All bible students know every tribe of Israel was in bondage in
Egypt (Deut. 5: 6).
It was this mixed remnant of Judah, upon returning from the Babylon captivity in the time of Ezra and
Nehemiah, that became known as the nation of the Jews; a name not applied to Judah prior to the
Babylonian captivity. Included in this nation were the Edomites (known to the Greeks as Idumeans) who
had occupied Jerusalem during the captivity period. King Herod the Great was an example of this as he
was of Idumean (Edom) origin and thus not an Israelite. King Herod filled the ranks of the Sadducees
with his own kind. This explains why the Sadducees did not believe in resurrection and said there was
no angel, nor Spirit (Acts 23: 8).
By the time of Christ, continued mixing with Amorites, Philistines. Canaanites. Babylonians and Hittites
resulted in a racially mixed nation. From the Hittite infusion came the so-called ‘Jewish nose”
(Hammonds World Atlas 1954 – page 266). Modern Jewry includes a further in-mixing with Mongol- Turkish people (Khazar kingdom of Russia) who adopted Judaism during the 8
th and 9th centuries A.D.
It is evident that among these mixed people in Israel at the time of Christ were literal descendants of
Cain, for Christ said of these “Jews”: “Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will
do. He was murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. And because I tell
you the truth, ye believe me not. Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye
not believe me? He that is of God heareth God’s words:
ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God” (John 8: 44-47). “But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. My sheep hear my voice, and I
know them, and they follow me. And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither
shall any man pluck them out of my hand. My father which gave them me, is greater than all; and no
man is able to pluck them out of my father’s hand. I and my Father are one” (John 10: 26-30).
John, recording God’s word in Revelation, writes, “and I know the blasphemy of them which say they
are Jews, (of Judah) and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.” (Rev. 2: 9) and “Behold I will make
them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, (of Judah) and are not, but do lie; Behold. I
will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee” (Rev. 3: 9).
Christ clearly shows the separation of the people of Palestine into two classes in His answer to the
question as to why He spoke in parables. “Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the
kingdom of heaven but to them it is not given” (Matt. 13: 11).
The parable of the tares (Matt. 13: 24-30) again points up to classes of people, and Christ’s explanation
(Matt. 13: 37-43) identifies one class (the good seed) as the children of God, and the other class (the
tares) as the children of the wicked one (devil).
There are many so-called Jews today that are not descended from Abraham, that claim to be God’s
people “Israel”, because some of them are of Judah. However, being of Judah does not necessarily mean
they are still His people, for some of Judah were cut off from the promises to Israel. In Jeremiah we find
God showing the prophet how He separated the bad figs (mixed seed) from the good figs of Judah who
were to be Christian people for only of them could God say, “I will give them a heart; to know me that I
am the Lord: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with
their whole heart” (Jer. 24: 7).
Of the bad figs God says. “And I will deliver them to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth for
their hurt, to be a reproach and a proverb, a taunt, and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them.”
(Jer. 24: 9)
Keep in mind that although later historians, in writing about the people of Palestine, refer to them
collectively as “Jews”, there were some of all the other tribes present. They had come to help rebuild the
Temple along with many Benjaminites who had been “lent as a light unto Judah”. Christ chose all but
one of His twelve disciples from Benjamin. Thus we find the word “Jew” being applied to more than
one kind of people. This has caused confusion in our understanding of the Scriptures dealing with the
To add to this confusion the translators of Scripture often mistranslated the word Jew from such words
as “loudaios” (meaning from, or being of: as a country, Judean) and “loudaismos” (meaning Judaism, as
accepting the Jewish faith and usages). Scripture refers to those that “became Jews for fear of the Jews”
(Esther 8:17), and even Paul said “And unto the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might gain the Jews” (I
Cor. 9: 20).
As it is important to understand that in Scriptures, the terms “Israel”, “Judah” and “Jew” are not
synonymous, it is equally important to understand that the House of Israel is not synonymous with the
House of Judah. The course of history is widely divergent for the peoples properly classified under each
of these titles. When God speaks in prophecy to the House of Israel or the House of Judah, He does not
refer to the modern “Jewish” nation of Israeli.
The prophets display meticulous care in their address to the “House of Israel” and the “House of Judah”. To apply to one “House” a prophecy which refers to the other is clearly to misapply the message and
confuse the issue. By failing to treat the House of Israel and the House of Judah as separate entities, the
prophetic books of the Bible are set at variance with one another. Without this distinction the words of
one prophet nullify the pronouncements of a fellow prophet. It makes Isaiah call into question the
prophecies of Jeremiah, also causing Jeremiah to impugn the declarations of Hosea. It sets Joel against
Amos. Zephaniah against Zechariah and makes Ezekiel contradict them all. Examples of such failure to
make a distinction between the two Houses are found in the paraphrasing of the Living Bible which
leaves the truth seeker bereft of understanding.
It is clearly shown that the House of Israel is separate from the House of Judah in the prophecy
regarding the future names of each. Of the Jews (mixed Judah) it was prophecies “And ye shall leave
(retain) your name (Israel) for a curse unto my chosen for the Lord God shall slay thee and call his
servants by another name” (Isaiah 65: 15). This has been fulfilled: The Jews have retained the name
“Israel” for “a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse” (Jer. 24: 9). while true Israel is no longer
called by its old name. In fact Israel is blind to their identity. Paul wrote, “blindness in part is happened
to Israel” and Isaiah wrote God’s word, “Who is blind, but my servant” (Isa. 42: 19) and “and thou shall
be called by a new name, which the mouth of the Lord shall name” (Isaiah 62:2).
God explains what that name is, “If my people, which are called by my name shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then I will hear from heaven, and will
forgive their sin. and will heal their land” (II Chron. 7: 14). His people are today called Christians; the
nations of Israel are known as Christian nations.
There are those that claim that America is not a “Christian nation” as this would be discriminatory
against other religions. However that may be, the records of the group of men that gathered in
Philadelphia in 1776 -Washington. Franklin. Jefferson – show they did establish this nation under God
The concluding words of our National Anthem summarize the fact that the United States of America was
born of a commitment to God and His principles.
Also, America has been legally declared a Christian nation many times by the Supreme Court of the
United States. Foremost was the declaration February 29, 1892 in a case involving a church and certain
taxes. (Holy Trinity Church vs. United States, 143 U.S. 471) The highest court of the land, after
mentioning various circumstances, added the following words: “and these and many other matters which
might be noticed, add a volume of unofficial declarations to the mass of organic utterances that this is a
Let it be noted that this nation is not “anti” any religion and it is not “hetero-religious” (many religions). It is Christian. It recognizes worship of God through Christ, the Saviour, the only Mediator between God
and man. As a Christian nation, it is generous and tolerates freedom of worship. But as a nation, it is not
merely “religious”, it is Christian.
It should also be noted that the framers of all the early Constitutions of the States recognized this nation
as a Christian nation. This was evidenced by such points as: belief in Christ being a condition of holding
public office, tax support and maintenance of public Christian schools, recognition of Sunday as the
Lord’s Day and recognition of Deity. This was expressed in terms such as “Grateful to Almighty God.”
“So help me God”‘ and “in the name of God, Amen.” and often reference was made to the God of the
Old and New Testaments of the Bible.
The members of the Supreme Court of the United States take their oath of office with their hand on the
Bible, the Testimony of Jesus Christ, thus recognizing His authority as being greater than theirs. Washington, when offered a crown to establish this nation as a monarchy said, “America already has a
King. God is our King.” Who was the King of Israel? God was the King of Israel, and He was the King
of no other nation but Israel.
Going back to the establishment of the first colonies we find that in 1696, King James I of England, who
issued the first Charter, began with these words: “We greatly commending, and graciously accepting of
their desires for the furtherance of so noble a work, which may be the providence of Almighty God
hereafter tend to the glory of His Divine Majesty, in propagating the Christian religion to such people as
yet live in darkness and miserable ignorance of the true knowledge and worship of God.” Subsequent
charters were issued in 1609 and 1611 containing the same religious reference. The pilgrim fathers who
risked their lives and limbs to cross the sea did so “for the glory of God and advancement of the
In 1620 the Pilgrims, in their tiny boat the Mayflower, bobbed across the broad Atlantic to effect their
own words expressed in their now famous compact: “Having undertaken for the glory of God and the
advancement of the Christian faith and the honor of our king and country a voyage to plant the first
colony in the northern parts of Virginia.”
And in the same year, King James I. in answer to another petition, granted the New England Charter, in
which was included the following clause: “We according to our princely inclination, favoring much their
worthy disposition, in hope thereby to advance the enlargement of Christian religion, to the glory of God
Almighty.” The Charter of Massachusetts Bay granted by King William and Queen Mary and preceding
the one by King Charles I, stated in part: “may win and incite the natives of the country to their
knowledge and obedience of the only true God and Saviour of mankind, and the Christian faith.”
The fundamental orders of Connecticut, under which a provisional government was instituted in 1638- 1639 stated: “and well knowing where a people are gathered together the word of God requires that to maintain the
peace and union of such a people there should be an orderly and decent government established
according to God, to order and dispose of the affairs of the people at all seasons as occasion shall
require; do therefore associate and conjoin ourselves to be as one public state of commonwealth; and do
for ourselves and our successors and such as shall be adjoined to us at any time hereafter enter into
combination and confederation together to maintain and preserve the liberty and purity of the gospel of
our Lord Jesus which we now profess, as also the discipline of the churches, which according to the
truth of said gospel is now practiced.”
One could go on and on, showing by history, tradition and statistics that the United States is, in fact a
Christian nation. Christianity came to this country with the first colonist; has ever been powerfully
identified with its rapid development, both as a colonial and national government and today, exists as a
mighty factor in the life of the Republic of the United States.
In like manner much could be shown by history and tradition that the United States of America is from
the tribe of Manassah and is peopled by a gathering of all the thirteen tribes of Israel. Our Pilgrim
Fathers, who called themselves “the seed of Abraham, God’s servant and the children of Jacob, His
chosen,” allotted their land as Israel did. They followed after the council of Moses, the lawgiver of Israel
and in all their undertakings, asked for the guidance and blessings of the God of Jacob. Isaac and
From Manassah, the thirteenth tribe of Israel has come our national number, thirteen. Our first colonies
were thirteen in number. There are thirteen letters in our national emblem, the “American Eagle” (Job
39: 27 – 30; Deut. 28: 49; Psalm 103: 5; Exodus 19: 4). The Eagle holds in its right talon an olive branch
with thirteen leaves (Jer. 11:16; Psalm 128: 3; Gen. 49: 22) and in its left, thirteen arrows plainly
illustrating God’s command given to the Israelites (Deut. 20: 10-12). In its beak the Eagle holds a scroll
on which is written, in thirteen letters. “E Pluribus Unum,” (One out of many) and above this is a cloud
in which shine thirteen stars (Luke 2: 9; Num. 9: 17; 10: 34; Psalm 105: 39; Exodus 13: 21; 14: 19-20;
16: 10; 24: 16; 34: 5; 40: 38). There are thirteen bars on our flag and thirteen rods in our National mace.
On the reverse side of our Great Seal is shown a symbolic pyramid. Its suspended apex stone portrays
the all seeing eye of the Almighty, watching over the destiny of our nation. This pyramid, identified with
the Great Pyramid of Gizeh (Isaiah 19: 19-20) consists of thirteen courses of stone. Above it is written in
thirteen letters “Annuit Coeptis” (He has favored our beginnings). Altogether, there are thirteen “13”s in
The number thirteen was also identified with the early colonies. Massachusetts had on its emblem a pine
tree with a motto above which read “An appeal to God,” thirteen letters. At the base of the tree was
coiled a rattlesnake beneath which was another motto, in thirteen letters, “Don’t Tread On Me”. Our first
navy consisted of thirteen ships and in many important dates in our history, both in war and peace the
number thirteen stands out preeminently.
Our flag is made up from the colors of scarlet, blue and white, the colors of Israel of old. These colors
covered the table of shew bread within the Tabernacle. Red is the color of blood and signified justice or
judgment, reminding us of the shed blood of Christ for the redemption of His people Israel; White, signifying purity or holiness, the color of snow; (Psalm 50: 7; Isaiah 1: 18). Blue the color of the sky
signifying love and because this is the color of the heavens it is representative of God.
The name Manasseh means “forgetfulness” and if there has ever been a people forgetful of all their past. it is this last, this thirteenth, this Manasseh-Israel people in the United States. However. America, as
prophesied of Manasseh, did become the great nation, ONE OUT OF MANY. (E Pluribus Unum) and
took her place in the appointed time in fulfillment of God’s Covenant with Abraham.
America has yet to recognize her relationship to God and re-institute His laws. Through the centuries
Israel has usually had to be chastized into repentance. Just as God used the Assyrians to chastise Israel, He is building up Russia to bring Israel into national repentance. Ezekiel, in Chapter 38. writes of the
day when the forces of Gog (antichrist) gather against Israel, saying: “I will go up to the land of
unwalled villages, I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without
walls, and having neither bars nor gates. To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon
the desolate places that are now inhabited and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land” (Ezek. 38:11.12).
The people of our nation will be driven to their knees by coming events and if they are to pray the prayer
the Prophet Joel lined out for them, word for word, they must first acknowledge that they are God’s
servant people. Joel’s instructions are: “Let them say. Spare thy people, 0 Lord, and give not thine
heritage to reproach, that the heathen should rule over them: wherefore should they say among the
people. Where is their God?” (Joel 2:17).
As a people, we are no more worthy than any other people. It may be, that because of our neglect of our
HERITAGE, we are less worthy than any people; nevertheless, we are the descendants of Jacob-Israel,
of whom God said: “I shall be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people” (Jer. 31:1). In spite of our unrighteousness and national rejection of God, He will not alter His word: “Thou
art my people, and they shall say, thou art my God” (Hosea 2:23).
The day will come when America-Israel will give voice to the words spoken through the Prophet Hosea:
“Come and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he
will bind us up ” (Hosea 6:1). Our God, the God of Abraham, Issac and Jacob, will yet have the salute
of our banners and the allegiance of all the people. The kingdoms of this world shall become the
Kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Everlasting Father, for ever and ever.
It is hoped that the truths expressed in this booklet have renewed faith in God, and in the inspiration of
the Bible, and have created an interest in a more complete understanding of God’s dealing with the man
Abraham whose remarkable destiny the world has yet to understand and to reckon with.
THE MARKS OF ISRAEL
How strange it is, that with all the definite and positive assurances in the Word of God as to Israel’s
continuance for ever as a Nation, there/has never been any continued or persistent effort on the part of
genuine Bible believers to find them. That they have been content to let them fade away and vanish into
nothingness is surely a deep reproach on all true Christians.
There is, however, one probable explanation. It was GOD’S WILL AND PURPOSE TO HIDE THEM. While the Jews (some of whom are only a part of the House of Judah) occupied the stage, and even
called themselves “Israel”, God could work unhindered with and in “Lost Israel”, till he had finished his
predetermined work and without them knowing they were the people of the Book. Only as Israel’s time
of punishment had run out with the whole of God’s purposes at the point of complete fulfillment, was the
identity of Israel to become known.
However, it is a matter of inspired record that God placed “marks” on His people Israel. During the
Christian dispensation, Lost Israel was to possess these marks of identification. So then, if we can
discover the nations and people with Israel’s marks, we have found the people whom God chose to serve
Him to be a channel of blessing to all mankind. The God-given marks are very many, and while the
following list is not exhaustive, they constitute a chain of evidence utterly impossible to ignore.
One race, and one race alone, has all these marks. Nations within this race may have only a portion of
them, but the race as a whole has them all. With a few exceptions, Joseph (the birthright nation) was the
recipient of them all. By inheritance, his two sons, Ephraim (Great Britain) and Manasseh (U.S.A.) will
be found possessing them all.
While Israelites remain in other countries. America is the home of millions of all the thirteen tribes (one
out of many) and thus is representative of the whole House of Jacob. We are bound by Israel’s
responsibilities, fulfilling Israel’s destiny. The MARKS are on us everywhere; in our NAME; in our
SABBATH; in our INSTITUTIONS; in our PHILANTHROPY; in our COMMERCE; in our WEALTH;
in our MINES; in our AGRICULTURE; in our CHURCHES; in our MISSIONARY ENTERPRISES; in
our ARMED FORCES; in our POSSESSION OF THE BIBLE; – all BIRTHMARKS, which neither
time, nor the ages, nor even our sin can wipe out.
1. Israel to be a great and mighty nation.
Gen. 12:2; 18:18; Deut. 4:7,8.
2. Israel to have multitudinous seed.
Gen. 13:16; 15:5; 22:17; 24:60; 26:4. 24; 28:3. 14; 32:12; 49:22;
Isa. 10:22; Hos. 1:10; Zech. 10:7,8.
3. Israel to spread abroad to the West, East, North and South.
Gen. 28:14; Isa. 42:5. 6.
4. Israel to have a new home.
II Sam. 7:10; I Chron. 7:9.
5. Israel’s home to be north-west of Palestine.
Isa. 49:12; Jer. 3:18
6. Israel to live in islands and coasts of the earth.
Isa. 41:1; 49:1-3; 51:5; Jer. 31:7-10.
7. Israel to become a company of nations.
Gen. 17:4 – 6.15.16; 35:11; 48:19; Eph. 2:12.
8. Israel to have a Davidic King (a perpetual monarchy within Israel).
II Sam. 7:13.19; I Chron. 22:10; II Chron. 13:5; Isa, 89:20, 37; Ezek. 37:24; Jer. 33:17, 21. 26.
9. Israel to colonize and spread abroad.
Gen. 28:14; 49:22; Deut. 32:8; 33:17; Psa. 2:8; Isa. 26:15; 27:6; 54:2; Zech. 10:8. 9.
10. Israel to colonize the desolate place of the earth.
Isa. 35:1; 43:19, 20; 49:8; 54:3; 58:11, 12.
11. Israel to lose a colony, then expand, demanding more room.
Isa. 49:19. 20.
12. Israel to have all the land needed.
13. Israel to be the first among the nations.
Gen. 27:29; 28:13; Jer. 31:7.
14. Israel to continue as a nation for ever.
II Sam. 7:16, 24. 29; I Chron. 17:22 – 27; Jer. 31:35 – 37.
15. Israel’s home to be invincible by outside forces.
II Sam. 7:10; Isa. 41:11-14.
16. Israel to be undefeatable – defended by God.
Num. 24:8. 9; Isa. 15 -17; Micah 5:8, 9.
17. Israel to be God’s instruments in destroying evil.
Jer. 51:20; 51:19 – 24; Dan. 2:34. 35.
18. Israel to have a land of great mineral wealth.
Gen. 49:25. 26; Deut. 8:9; 33:15 -19.
19. Israel to have a land of great agricultural wealth.
Gen. 27:28; Deut. 8:7. 9; 28:11; 33:13. 14. 28.
20. Israel to be rich by trading.
Isa. 60:5-11; 61:6.
21. Israel to be envied and feared by all nations.
Deut. 2:25; 4:8; 28:10; Isa. 43:4; 60:10, 12; Micah 7:16. 17:Jer-33:9.
22. Israel to lend to other nations, borrowing of none.
Deut. 15:6; 28:12.
23. Israel to have a new name.
Isa. 62:2; 65:15; Hos. 2:17.
24. Israel to have a new language.
Isa. 28:11 (The Bible, by means of which God speaks now to Israel, is English not Hebrew).
25. Israel to possess the gates of his enemies.
26. Israel to find the aborigines diminishing before them.
Deut. 33:17; Isa. 60:12; Jer. 31:7 -10.
27. Israel to have control of the seas.
Deut. 33:19; Num. 24:7; Psa. 89:25; Isa. 60:5 (F. Fenton translates this last, “when rolls up to you all the
wealth of the sea”. That could not be unless Israel controlled it).
28. Israel to have a new religion (New Covenant).
Heb. 8:10 – 13; 9:17; Matt. 10:5 – 7; Luke 1:77; 2:32; 22:20; John 11:49 – 52; Gal. 3:13.
29. Israel to lose all trace of her lineage.
Isa. 42:16 -19; Hos. 1:9,10; 2:6; Rom. 11:25.
30. Israel to keep Sabbath for ever (one day in seven set aside).
Ex. 31:13,16,17; Isa. 58:13,14.
31. Israel to be called the sons of God (i.e.. accept Christianity).
Hos. 1:10 -11.
32. Israel to be a people saved by the Lord.
Deut. 33:27 – 29; Isa. 41:8 -14; 43:1 – 8; 44:1 – 3; 49:25, 26; 52:1 -12; 55:3 -10,13; Jer. 46:27. 28; Ezek. 34:10 -16; Hos. 2:23; 13:9-14; 14:4, 6.
33. Israel to be the custodians of the Oracles (Scriptures) of God.
Psa. 147:19. 21; Isa. 59:21.
34. Israel to carry the Gospel to all the world.
Gen. 28:14; Isa. 43:10 – 12 (witnesses). 21; Micah 5:7.
35. Israel to be kind to the poor and set slaves free.
Deut. 15:7.11; Psa. 72:4; Isa. 42:7; 49:9; 58:6.
36. Israel to be the heir of the world.
37. Israel to be God’s Glory.
Isa. 46:13; 49:3; 60:1. 2.
38. Israel to possess God’s Holy Spirit as well as His Word.
Isa. 44:3; 59:21; Hagg. 2:5.
39. Israel to be God’s Heritage, formed by God. for ever.
Deut. 4:20; 7:6; 14:2; II Sam. 7:23; I Kings 8:51, 53; Isa. 43:21; 54:5-10; Hos. 2:19, 23; Joel 2:27;
Micah 7:14 -18.
40. Israel is the nation appointed to bring glory to God.
Isa. 41:8 -16; 43:10.21; 44:23; 49:3.
“YE SEED OF ISRAEL’S CHOSEN RACE,
YE RANDSOMED OF THE FALL,
HAIL HIM WHO SAVES YOU BY HIS GRACE,
AND CROWN HIM LORD OF ALL.”
NAMES GOD GAVE TO ISRAEL
ANCIENTS (Is. iii, 14; xxiv, 23; Jer. xix, I; Ezek. vii. 26; viii. II).
ANOINTED (I Chr. xvi. 22; Ps. ii. 2; cv. 15; Hab. iii. 13; Zech. iv, 14.
BATTLE-AXE (Jer. li. 20).
BELOVED (Ps. Ix. 5; Is v. I; Rom. xi. 28).
DEARLY BELOVED (Jer. xxxi. 20).
BETROTHED (Hos. ii. 19).
BLESSED (Gen. xii. 2; xiv. 19; xviii. 18; Deut. vii. 14; Ps. xxxiii. 12; Is. li. 2; Ixi, 9; Ixv, 23).
BLESSING (Gen. xii, 2. 3; xxviii. 4; Deut. xxxiii. I. 16; Ps. iii, 8; Is. xix. 24; Ixv. 8; Zee. viii. 13; Gal. iii, 14; Heb. vi, 14).
BRANCH (Ps. Ixxx. 15; Is. vi, 2; Ix. 21).
BRIDE (Is. Ixii. 5; Jer. xxxiii. II; Joel ii. 16).
CHIEF OF NATIONS (Jer. xxxi. 7).
CHILDREN (Deut. xiv. I; I Chr. xvi. 13; Ps. Ixxxii. 6; Is. xlix.23;Joelii.23).
CHILDREN OF ZION (Ps. cxlix, 2).
LOVED CHILD (Hos. xi. I).
PLEASANT CHILD (Jer. xxxi, 20).
CHOSEN (Deut. vii, 6; xiv. 2; Ps. cv, 6; cxxxv. 4; Is. xli. 9; xliii. 10; xlvii. 10)
CHOSEN GENERATION (I PET. II. 9).
CONGREGATION (Num. xvi. 3; Ps. Ixviii. 10; Ixxiv. 2; Joel ii,16).
CONSECRATED (Ex. xxxii. 29; I Chr. xxix. 5; 2 Chr. xxix. 5; 2 Chr. xxix. 31; Ezek. xliii. 26; Micah
DELIGHT (Deut. x. 15).
DEW FROM THE LORD (Micah v, 7).
ROYAL DIADEM (Is. Ixii. 3).
DOMINION (Ps. cxvii. 4; Ixviii. 34).
ETERNAL EXCELLENCY (Is. Ix. 15).
SWORD OF EXCELLENCY (Deut. xxxiii. 29).
FIRSTBORN (Ex. iv. 22; Jer. xxxi. 9).
FIRSTFRUITS OF INCREASE (Jer. ii. 3).
FLOCK (Is. xl. II; Jer. xiii, 17. 20; xxiii. 2; xxxi. 10; Ezek. xxxvi. 38; Micah vii, 14; Zee. ix, 16; I Pet. v, 2).
FOUNTAIN (Deut. xxxiii. 28; Ps. Ixviii. 26).
FRUIT (Is. xxvii. 6: Ezek. xvii. 8; Hos. xiv. 8; Matt. xxi, 43).
WATERED GARDEN (Is. Iviii. II; Jer. xxxi, 12).
GLORIFIED (Is. xxvi. 15; xliv. 23; Iv. 5; Ix. 9).
GLORY (Is. xliii, 7; xlvi. 13; Ix. 7; Luke ii, 32).
CROWN OF GLORY (Is. Ixii. 3; Zee. ix, l6).
HEIRS OF PROMISE (Heb. vi. 17).
HEIRS OF SALVATION (Heb. i. 14).
HEIRS OF THE WORLD (Rom. iv. 13).
HERITAGE (Is. liv. 17; Joel ii, 17; iii, 2; Micah vii. 14. 18; I Pet. v. 3).
SPIRITUAL HOUSE (Eph. ii. 21. 22; I Pet. ii. 5).
INHERITANCE (Deut. ix, 26. 29; I Kings viii. 51; Ps. xxxiii. 12; Ixviii. 9; cvi, 5; Is. xix. 25; bdii, 17).
PEOPLE OF INHERITANCE (Deut. iv. 20).
ROD OF INHERITANCE (Ps. Ixxiv. 2; Jer. xi. 16; Ii, 19).
JEWELS (Is. Ixii. 3; Mal. iii. 17).
JOY OF MANY NATIONS (Is. Ix. 15).
KINGS (Is. xlix. 7. 23).
KINGDOM OF GOD (Matt. xxi, 43).
KINGDOM (Ex. xix, 6; Num. xxiv. 7; Deut. xvii. 20).
LAW GIVERS Ps. Ixxviii. 5; cxlvii. 19; Is. xlii. 4; Ii. 7).
LIGHT (Is. Ii. 4; Ix, 3; Luke ii, 32).
GREAT LION (Num. xxiii, 24; Micah v. 8).
YOUNG LIONS (Is. v. 29; Ezek. xix. 2; xxxviii. 13).
LOT (Deut. xxxii. 9).
EVERLASTING LOVE (Deut. vii, 8; Jer. xxxi. 3; Hos. xi. I).
MIGHTY MEN (Joel iii. 9; Nah. ii. 3; Zech. x. 5).
VALIANT MEN (Nah. ii. 3).
MERCHANTS OF TARSHISH (Ezek. xxxviii, 13).
MESSENGERS (Is. xiv. 32; xlii. 19;xliv. 26).
MESSENGERS OF THE COVENANT (Mal. iii. I).
MINISTERS (Is. Ixi. 6).
BLESSED NATION (Ps. xxxiii. 12).
EVERLASTING NATION (Gen. xvii. 5, 6; I Chr. xvii. 21, 22; 2 Sam. vii, 23. 24; Ezek. xxxvii. 12-28;
Luke i, 33. 55).
GREAT NATION (Gen. xii. 2; Deut. iv. 6. 8).
GREAT AND MIGHTY NATION (Gen. xviii. 18).
HOLY NATION (Ex. xix. 6; I Pet. ii, 9).
ISLAND NATION (Is. xxiv, 14; xli. I; xliii. 4. 5. 10; xlix, I 19; Jer. xxxiii. 8; xxxi, 10).
MIGHTY NATION (Is. xxvi, 2).
NATION WHOSE GOD IS THE LORD (Ps. xxxiii. 12; cxliv. 15).
NATION & COMPANY OF NATIONS (Gen. xxxv. 11).
RIGHTEOUS NATION (Ps. cxviii, 19. 20; Is. xxvi. 2; Hos. ii. 19).
STRONG NATION (Is. Ix, 22; Micah iv.7).
WEALTHY NATION (Jer. xlix, 31).
ACCEPTED ONES (Is. Ivi, 7; Ezek. xx, 41; I Pet. ii. 5).
GATHERED ONES (Is. xxvii. 12; liv. 7; Ivi. 8; Jer. xxix, 14; xxxi. 10; Ezek. xxviii, 25).
LOVED ONES (Deut. iv. 27).
MARRIED ONES (Jer. iii. 14; Hos. ii. 19).
REVIVED ONES (Ps. Ixxxv. 6; Hos. vi, 2).
SANCTIFIED ONES (Is. xiii. 3; Ezek. xx. 41; xxxix. 27).
SAVED ONES (Deut. xxxiii. 29; Ps. xliv. 7; Is. xiv. 22; Luke i. 71).
OUTCASTS (Ps. cxlvii. 2; Is. xi. 13).
PASTURE (Ps. xcv. 2).
PEOPLE OF THE GOD OF ABRAHAM (Ps. xlvii. 9).
HIS PEOPLE (Ex. vi. 7; Deut. xxxii, 9; 2 Chr. ii. II; Ps. Ixxviii. 71; Luke vii. 16).
PEOPLE CHOSEN FOR HIS OWN INHERITANCE (Ps. xxxiii, 12).
COLONISING PEOPLE (Is. xxxv, I; xlix. 8).
COVENANT PEOPLE (Gen. xvii. 7; xxii, 16; Ps. cv, 8. 9, 10; Ezek. xxxvii, 26; Luke i. 73; Heb. vi, 13).
HOLY PEOPLE (Deut. xiv, 2; xxvi, 18; I Pet. ii. 9).
PUSHING PEOPLE (Num. xxiii. 22; Deut. xxxiii. 17; Is. xxxiv. 7).
PURCHASED PEOPLE (Ex. xv, 6; Ps. Ixxiv. 2).
RIGHTEOUS PEOPLE (Is. Ix. 21).
SEPARATE PEOPLE (Num. xxiii. 9; Deut. xxxiii. 28).
SPECIAL PEOPLE (Deut. vii. 6).
PLEASANT PLANT (Is. v. 7).
PLANTING (Is. Ixi, 3).
PORTION (Deut. xxxii, 9).
PURCHASED POSSESSION (Eph. i. 14).
PRAISE (Deut. xxvi. 19; Is. xliii, 21).
KINGDOM OF PRIESTS (Ex. xix. 6).
HOLY PRIESTHOOD (I Pet. ii. 5, 9).
ROYAL PRIESTHOOD (I Pet. ii. 9).
PRIESTS OF THE LORD (Is. Ixi, 6).
RANSOMED (Is. xxxv. 10; Jer. xxxi. II; Hos. xiii. 14).
REDEEMED (Is. xliv, 23; xlviii, 20; Ixii. 12; Jer. xxxi. II).
REJOICING (Is. Ixii. 5; Ixv. 13, 19; Ixvi, 10. 14; Jer. xxxii, 42).
REMNANT (Is. xlvi. 3; Jer. xxiii. 3).
RESIDUE (Is. xxviii. 5; Zee. viii, II).
TREES OF RIGHTEOUSNESS (Is. Ixi. 3).
SAINTS (Deut. xxxiii, 3; Ps. 1, 5; Ixxxv. 8; xcvii, 10; cxlvii, 14; Dan. vii. 27).
SANCTIFIED [Lev. xxi, 23; Is. xiii, 3; Ezek. xx, 41; xxxix, 27; Heb. x, 14.
SANCTUARY (Ex. xv. 17; xxv, 8; Ps. cxiv, 2; Is. xliii, 28; Ezek. xxxvii, 28).
SEED THE LORD HATH BLESSED (Is. Ixi. 9).
SERVANTS (Ps. Ixix, 36; Is. xli. 8, 9; xliii. 21; Ixv. 9 13, 15).
SHEEP (Ps. Ixxiv, I; xcv, 7; c, 3; Jer. xxxi. 10; Ezek. xxxiv. 11, 12).
LOST SHEEP (Jer. I. 6; Matt. x, 6; xv. 24).
SHIELDS OF THE EARTH (Ps. xlvii. 9).
SHIELD OF HELP (Deut. xxxiii, 29; Ps. cxv. 9, 10. 11).
SHIELD OF MIGHTY MEN (Nah. ii. 3).
SHIPS OF TARSHISH (Is. Ix. 9).
SON (Ex. iv. 22; Is. xlii. 6; xlv, II; Hos. i, 10; xi, I; John i. 12; 2 Cor. vi. 18). DEAR SON (Jer. xxxi, 20).
LIVELY STONES (Eph. ii, 21, 22; I Pet. ii. 5).
STRENGTH (Ps. Ix. 7; Ixviii. 35; Deut. xxxiii. 17).
TABERNACLE (Lev. xxvi, 11. 12; Ezek. xxxvii. 27; Amos ix, 11; Acts vii, 44, 46; xv. 10).
TEMPLE (I Cor. iii. 16. 17; 2 Cor. vi. 16; Eph. ii. 21. 22).
TESTIMONY (Ps. Ixxviii. 5; cxxxii. 12; cxlvii. 19).
PECULIAR TREASURE (Ex. xviii, 5; Ps. cxxxv. 4).
GREEN OLIVE TREE (Jer. xi. 16; Rom xi. 17).
TRIBES (Ps. cxxii, 4; Is. xlix. 6; Ixiii. 17).
THRONE (Deut. xvii. 18; 2 Sam. vii, 13; I Chr. xxii. 10; Ps. xxxix, 4; Jer. xiv, 21; Ezek. xliii, 7).
VINE (Ps. Ixxx. 8; Jer. vi, 9; Ezek. xvii. 6; Hos. xiv, 7).
GOODLY VINE (Ezek. xvii, 8).
VINEYARD (Ps. Ixxx. 15-. Is. v; Jer. xii. 10).
VIRGIN (Jer. xxxi, 4. 21; Amos v, 2).
WANDERERS (Hos. ix. 17).
WEAPONS OF WAR (Jer. Ii. 20).
WITNESSES (Is. xliii. 10, 12; xliv. 8). “Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the Lord: Look unto the rock whence
ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye are digged. Look unto Abraham, your father, and
unto Sarah that bare you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him… Hearken unto
me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation.”
Isaiah 51: 1-2.4.
This “Outline” of the Identity of God’s people as revealed by the study of God’s Covenant with Abraham
was compiled as a guide-line for study. No infallibility is claimed for the opinions expressed herein.
Much research and study is still necessary before every facet of this wonderful truth is known in all its
perfection. This remains to be done by honest and sincere searchers for truth, who may not only correct
errors but add to our understanding of God’s truth. To gain this knowledge – Search the Scriptures. E. Raymond Capt “Our eyes are holden that we cannot see things that stare us in the face until the hour arrives when the
mind is ripened. Then we behold them, and the time when we saw them not is like a dream.”